In December 2017, Facebook launched its Messenger Kids service for children ages six to 13. The service includes a free video calling and messaging app where children can connect only with parent-approved contacts. The ad-free service includes masks, frames, stickers and GIFs for children to, "ids can create fun videos and decorate photos to share moments with loved ones."
Pediatricians and health experts are very concerned. Earlier today, dozens of health professionals sent a letter to Facebook (Adobe PDF) urging the social networking giant to terminate Messenger Kids. The letter stated in part:
"Given Facebook’s enormous reach and marketing prowess, Messenger Kids will likely be the first social media platform widely used by elementary school children. But a growing body of research demonstrates that excessive use of digital devices and social media is harmful to children and teens, making it very likely this new app will undermine children’s healthy development.
Younger children are simply not ready to have social media accounts. They are not old enough to navigate the complexities of online relationships, which often lead to misunderstandings and conflicts even among more mature users. They also do not have a fully developed understanding of privacy, including what’s appropriate to share with others and who has access to their conversations, pictures, and videos.
At a time when there is mounting concern about how social media use affects adolescents’ well being, it is particularly irresponsible to encourage children as young as preschoolers to start using a Facebook product. Social media use by teens is linked to significantly higher rates of depression, and adolescents who spend an hour a day chatting on social networks report less satisfaction with nearly every aspect of their lives. Eighth graders who use social media for 6 - 9 hours per week are 47% more likely to report they are unhappy than their peers who use social media less often. A study of girls between the ages of 10 and 12 found the more they used social networking sites like Facebook, the more likely they were to idealize thinness, have concerns about their bodies, and to have dieted. Teen social media use is also linked to unhealthy sleep habits. Messenger Kids is likely to increase the amount of time pre-school and elementary age kids spend with digital devices. Already, adolescents report difficulty moderating their own social media use: 78% check their phones at least hourly, and 50% say they feel addicted to their phones. Almost half of parents say that regulating their child’s screen time is a constant battle. Messenger Kids will exacerbate this problem... Encouraging kids to move their friendships online will interfere with and displace the face-to-face interactions and play that are crucial for building healthy developmental skills, including the ability to read human emotion, delay gratification, and engage with the physical world..."
The letter contains footnotes to citations with supporting research about the above health concerns. Reportedly, Facebook consulted with the National PTA and several academics before introducing the app. Messenger Kids is a separate service, so children using it can't be found using Facebook's search mechanism.
The letter from health professionals to Facebook also addressed safety concerns:
"Facebook claims that Messenger Kids will provide a safe alternative for the children who have lied their way onto social media platforms designed for teens and adults. But the 11- and 12-year-olds who currently use Snapchat, Instagram, or Facebook are unlikely to switch to an app that is clearly designed for younger children. Messenger Kids is not responding to a need – it is creating one. It appeals primarily to children who otherwise would not have their own social media accounts. It is disingenuous to use Facebook’s failure to keep underage users off their platforms as a rationale for targeting younger children with a new product."
Earlier this month, Facebook's CEO acknowledged problems and promised to do better. We shall see if Facebook's management listens to the documented concerns of pediatricians and health professionals.
What are your opinions about children ages 6 to 13 using social media? About Messenger Kids? Should Facebook terminate Messenger Kids?